In my post “The Cloak of Defeat” I stated my intention to put out the details of all my family’s people, including their slaves, so that somebody somewhere might be able to shout “THEY are mine!” Since slaves were known only by first names in legal documents I am providing dates, locations, and slaveholder surnames with the hope such details are substitute keystone information. I welcome your ideas and suggestions in the comments.
In 1827 Mary Gray Jeffreys of Wake County, North Carolina, bequeathed a “lot” of slaves to her daughter Leah Strickland, for life, remainder to her children. The right and title to this “lot” and their increase was given for unknown reasons to Newton Wood, of Wake County, North Carolina, to be effective during the life of Leah Jeffreys Strickland, wife of John Perry Strickland. At Leah’s death the right and title to these Negroes was to be passed on and divided among her eleven children: William Gray, Elizabeth (Hopkins), Matthew Nick, John Hilliard, Anderson Perry (my great-great-grandfather), Julia (Hopkins), Jasper D., Jane (Perry), Simon K., Arabella (Baker), and Ellen (Richards).
Upon Mr. Wood’s death (between 1827 and 1837), the right and title or claim to this “lot” was left to his children in undivided fourths: Mrs. Richard Barnum, Thomas N. Wood, William W. W. Wood, and Dallas R. Wood.
On 31 October 1837 the eldest of Leah’s children, William G. Strickland, purchased Mr. and Mrs. Richard Barnum’s interest and title to these slaves for $275. The Barnum’s resided in Wake County, N.C. At the time of the deed’s writing the “lot” included: Buck, Reddick, Andrew, Hannah and three children, Candace and four children, Patience and three children, and Martha.
On 28 February 1842 William and his younger brother, Matthew N. Strickland, paid three hundred dollars for the remaining interests in these slaves from Thomas N. Wood and William W.W. Wood, then residents of Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Dallas R. Wood had died. At the time of these deeds the “lot” included: Buck, Reddick, Andrew, Hannah, Maria, Candace, Giles, Caroline, Patience, Richard, Mary, Ann, Sarah, a child, Matilda, Dennis, Martha, Sarah, a girl of about 14 years of age, and Fenner.
In 1845 Jasper Strickland, the seventh child of Leah and John P. Strickland, became indebted to a William A. Jeffreys of Franklin County, North Carolina, in the amount of $300. For one dollar Jasper “granted, bargained, sold, assigned, transferred and set over” to Mr. Jeffreys his future share in the “lot.” If he remained unable to pay this debt by 1 January 1846 then William Jeffreys could advertise the impending sale for twenty days and then proceed to sell the “lot” at public auction to the highest bidder, at the Court House in the city of Raleigh, County of Wake, North Carolina. At the time of this indenture the “lot” included: Buck, Reddick, Andrew, Fenner, Dennis, Dick, Giles, Hannah, Candace, Sarah, Martha, Patience, Mariah, Caroline, Mary, Ann, Matilda, Salley, Betsey, John, and Daniel.
On 27 June 1846 big brother William paid Jasper $303.10 in full payment for his future right title and interest in the “lot”. This payment was evidently meant to provide Jasper with the cash necessary to secure his debt to William A. Jeffreys thereby securing the ownership of the “lot”–Buck, Reddick, Andrew, Fenner, Dennis, Dick, Giles, John, Hannah, Patience, Martha and child Elizabeth, Sarah, Caroline, Sarah, a small girl, Ann, Candace and child John, Mariah, Mary and Matilda–who were in the possession of (Matthew) Nick Strickland and William at this time.
In the fall of 1846 M. Nick Strickland and William G. Strickland had Benjamin Marriott and John Harris determine the value of the slaves, and in December 1846 William bought Nick’s present interest in the “lot” for the sum of $250 and his future claim to the “lot” for $590.90.
Hereby in consideration of the sum of five hundred and ninety Dollars and 90 cents to me in hand paid bargain Sell and deliver unto Wm.G. Strickland one undivided Eleventh part of thereof the negro slaves herein after named it being my own sher (sic) of said slaves as Bequeath (sic) to me by my grandmother Mary Jeffreys Deceased. And I do further hereby in consideration of the sum of two hundred and fifty Dollars Give bargain and Sell and Deliver unto the said Wm. G. Strickland my undivided moity or half of said slaves during the life of our mother Leah Strickland it being our Interest in said slaves which I purchased from Newton Woods children for the life of my said mother to wit one half the said WG Strickland haeving (sic) bought the other half Provided that nothing in this Deed shall Release or aquit the said Wm. G. Strickland form the obligations set forth in said agreement on file in the court of Equity aforesaid (sic) to permit our mother Leah Strickland to have a limited use of the said slaves for her necessary support though upon the terms therein stated to wit the negroes which were bequeath (sic) Mary Jeffreys Deceased unto Leah Strickland for Life and afterwords to her children the Said negroes and present (sic) issue Named as follows Brink (Buck), Reddick, Dennis, Dick, Giles, Condin (Candace) and her child John, Mary, Ann, Sarah jr., Andrew, Sarah, son (last two words marked out), Fenner, Sarah Sr., Hannah, Patience and her child John, Martha and her child Elizabeth, Caroline, Matilde, Maren (?)
The 1847 North Carolina Tax List suggests that the “lot” now all resided with William G. Strickland, on his 436 acre farm in St. Matthews Township, Wake County, North Carolina.
In November 1848 Anderson Perry Strickland joined brothers Jasper and Nick in selling his future claim in the “lot” of Leah’s slaves to brother William. As the eldest brother had amassed land and slaves during the 1840s, Anderson had set out on his own, establishing a home, a marriage and a family in the neighboring county of Franklin, North Carolina. By 1848, Anderson’s obligations may have made the prospect of $500 cash more appealing than the prospect of someday inheriting some slaves.
Tate, Carla. Strickland Records and Family Groups. North Carolina: self-published, 2007.
10 thoughts on “The “Lot” of the Them: Part One”
First impression–no last names. To be a slave was to have your family history swallowed up.
Welcome to the Geneabloggers family. Hope you find the association fruitful; I sure do. I have found it most stimulating, especially some of the Daily Themes.
May you keep sharing your ancestor stories!
Dr. Bill 😉
Author of “Back to the Homeplace”
and “13 Ways to Tell Your Ancestor Stories”
I have already found this community helpful, stimulating and encouraging! Thank you for the warm welcome!
Hello! I’m Jahrod Pender, a possible descendant of slaves owned by your descendant Capt. William Jeffreys and his daughter Leah Strickland. I do not know much about my Jeffreys or Strickland ancestry, but recently started researching this part of my lineage. Of course my ancestors inherited both of your family surnames. While researching on ancestry.com I found the death certificate of my great great great great grand mother Rhoda,Rhodie, Rodie, or Rosa Montague many times the name spelled differently. However her parents were listed as Harry Strickland and Alsie Jeffreys. I notice will reading the will of Capt William Jeffreys he gave his daughter leah 6 slaves one of them named Harry. I hope he is my same Harry. Do you have more info on Leah’s slaves? I read above see inherited more slaves upon her mother Mary’s death. After slavery ended Rhonda along with her children lived in the household of Robert Jeffrey in 187O in franklin the son of William Jeffery JR. and the grandson of Captian William Jeffery SR. Also Rhoda is listed as being born in wake county along with her parents. Do you have any info on John Perry Strickland? Also interestingly enough it looks like most of the slaves were passed down or inherited and possible my family was owned for generations by the Jeffreys and strickland family. Apparently Rhoda went back and forth between Franklin and Wake.
HI! I am using as my source the 700 page collection of Wake and Franklin County, NC records and documents pertaining to the Strickland family, compiled by Carla Tate. It has quite a bit on John Perry Strickland, my great-great-great-grandfather. I am still discovering the stories among the pieces, and will post them here. I hope you will return to catch more, but right now there is a synopsis within Those Family Lines pages. I am limited in what I know so far about the Jeffreys family, and I do not have in this collection a will for Leah Jeffreys Strickland to follow those slaves inherited from her father. I would love to know more about the Captain William Jeffreys, Sr. will; perhaps you could reply with a link to that source. It does seem that these families remained intertwined for generations. I think I have a contact to the Jeffreys’ family, and will pass this query on.
One of the articles that made me want to find and tell the stories of my family’s slaves was by Michael Hait : http://www.examiner.com/african-american-genealogy-in-national/the-master-s-name-question-and-a-call-to-action. I think you would find this information very interesting; the sources and ideas may provide some clues about how to go back from 1870. I will certainly keep checking from my end. Please stay in touch.
In case you would like to build community to support your search, I highly recommend checking into http://www.geneabloggers.com, which includes many African American blogs, and Genealogywise.com, a facebook for genealogists.
Here is the link of the wills of Osborn Jeffreys and his son Captian William Jeffreys.
RootsWeb’s WorldConnect Project: My North Carolina Roots
69, Franklin Co, North Carolina. Will of Capt. William JEFFREYS. To wife Mar y JEFFREYS during her life or widowhood …
Thank you! For the link and introduction to a new resource to me.
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Hi. My name is Savannah Jeffreys; I’m seventeen years old, and I’m trying to document my family tree to see how far back I can go. My father is of mixed race; he’s part black, Puerto Rican, as well as Cherokee and caucasian as well. His name is William Garland Jeffreys, his father’s name is Willie Jeffreys, and his grandfather is named Dallas Jeffreys. Dallas Jeffreys was born around 1892 according to my research of census records. The census records that I found this information on were from 1930 and were taken from Wake, NC. I just read this post, and I’m noticing a ton of similarities…. do you have any more info? This is so exciting!
Hi, Savannah!! I am so glad that you are exploring your family history, and finding information on my blog. However, I have just this information on the Jeffreys family. You might try exploring the Geneabloggers list of blogs, to see if there are others discovering the Jeffreys family ties. Best of luck!!!