November 1861 The rolling hills of Allegany County, New York were studded with trees, bare-limbed but for the oak trees. Red brown leaves would be clinging fast to those branches until harsh winter winds pulled them into crunchy swirls.
All that remains of The Gothic, built by Samuel S. White in 1851 for his daughter, Serena White Sayles
Ira and Serena Sayles would have been leading very full lives on the campus of Alfred Academy and Alfred University, which were situated on the hill just beyond the Main Street of the town, Alfred. Waking early to parent two young boys, ten year old Clifton and four year old Merlin, the couple would have departed The Gothic, their lovely framed house, to teach; Serena would have taught French while Ira taught modern and classical languages, mathematics and geology. The end of the fall term was approaching, and the campus would have been filled with the tension that accompanies examination preparation. Of course, autumn winds brought more than northwestern cold fronts that year.
Alfred – Hotbed in Cold Times
Alfred University was a community of religiously devout, liberal intellectuals; ardent believers in equal rights – for women and for negroes. Among the guests entertained on the 1861 campus were Ralph Waldo Emerson, who lectured on the “Classes of Men” and Frederick Douglass, who spoke on his “Life Picture.” Shortly after shots were fired on Fort Sumter, the entire graduating class of the university enlisted, leaving for Elmira, New York on July 2, 1861 to become part of the 23rd New York Volunteers. Professor, and Sayles’ neighbor, Jonathan Allen accompanied the young men as they headed to Washington, D.C. and to the front, where he witnessed the chaos of the Union retreat at Bull Run.
That November letters from Asher Williams, Luis Kenyon, Edmund Maxson, and other alumni would certainly have been shared among the community as were, no doubt, Jonathan Allen’s first hand accounts. Copies of the Angelica Reporter, Genesse Valley Free Press and the Elmira Advertiser could have been found in every hall, in every home.
Students and faculty alike would have been immersed in a dual world in which academic studies prepared students for peace time adult lives and community organizations prepared everyone for war time contributions. Serena and Ira may very well have argued about just what those contributions should be for each of them. Ira was probably quite keen on enlisting himself, while Serena, who was pregnant with their fourth child*, would have encouraged him to remain active enlisting others.
November held hope for quick victory over the slaveholders’ treason and joy for Alfred’s loved ones who were still safe. But there was almost certainly some tension among this abolitionist community about what Lincoln and the Union was finally going to do about slavery. Thus far the war had nothing to do with slavery, though slavery had everything to do with the war. Among the thanksgiving and prayers offered up that November 28, Ira and Serena would most certainly include thoughts for their unborn child, their former students turned soldier and for unknown slaves fleeing their oppression. For the Sayles family the secession of southern states had already become an opportunity to end slavery on American soil, once and for all.
Project 150 is a series of Civil War posts that, taken together, will tell the story of my family’s life choices during the years of rebellion. Sources used for today’s post include privately held family documents, documents held in the Alfred University archives and the New York State Military Museum and the Federal 1860 census accessed at ancestry.com.
*Their daughter, Florette, had died of unknown causes in 1857.